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Antibiotics: Coming Soon to a Chicken Chain Near You

posted on

March 26, 2024

You may have seen the recent commotion following fast-food chain Chick-Fil-A's decision to backtrack their pledge of "No Antibiotics Ever" to "maintain supply of the high-quality chicken you expect from us." They recently replaced their NAE standard with NAIHM ("No Antibiotics Important to Human Medicine"), which is supposed to restrict antibiotic use to those not commonly used to treat people and "allows use of animal antibiotics only if the animal and those around it were to become sick."

This decision comes in the midst of rising costs and just 9 months after Tyson Foods' decision to stop putting the "No Antibiotics Ever" label on their chicken. 

Panera bread also seems to be rolling back their claims of "Pasture-Raised", "Grass-fed", and even "Clean". I imagine many restaurants are feeling the squeeze of our economy as food cost rises and consumers are struggling with price increases.

But while much attention has been given to the cost factors involved in these corporate decisions, I believe there's a larger issue at play here: the centralization of our food supply.

The truth is that Chick-Fil-A couldn't change it's source overnight. It is a massive chicken eating machine that doesn't stop running (except on Sundays), and if their chicken producer, Tyson Foods, who produces approximately 25% of the chicken in the US, says we're no longer offering "No Antibiotic Ever" chicken, well, Chick-Fil-A must follow suite. They don't have another option - at least not one that can give them the price they want.

Tyson, the largest poultry producer in the US, produces 20% of the chicken, pork, and beef in the nation. Other producers are a ways behind them, and most do not have a "No Antibiotics Ever" option for their chicken. 

The problem here is that corporate chains like Chick-Fil-A are backed into a corner when it comes to sourcing their ingredients, specifically meats. By relying on just a few major producers their options are limited.

We both know that Chick-Fil-A could not afford to source local pasture-raised chicken for the prices that even they charge, but let's just imagine they could. Let's also imagine that each franchise operator was allowed to source their own meats, rather than relying on corporate. 

Tyson announces that they are no longer offering NAE chicken, and the other nationwide producers don't have enough antibiotic-free chicken available, so Chick-Fil-A operators call around to local antibiotic-free chicken producers (like David's Pasture). In this scenario, Chick-Fil-A continues to fulfill it's pledge to consumers and the local economy is boosted by a rise in chicken sales from it's farms.

"Chick-Fil-A turns to local poultry producers for access to antibiotic-free chicken." This is what I wish the headlines read this week, but the truth is that even if our hypothetical scenario were true, there are not enough local poultry producers in most regions to supply a Chick-Fil-A. Poultry produced on small farms in the US only makes up a slight fraction of the poultry produced by Tyson themselves. If the other big three producers can't scale up fast enough, then there's no way the marginalized family farm could supply the amount of chicken that Chick-Fil-A uses.

More restaurant chains are sure to follow in quietly scrapping their consumer health and animal-welfare standards to keep profits steady and supply issues at bay. The centralized food system in America, combined with several other economical and political events happening, is wreaking havoc on food prices and accessibility at a time when the world should have an ample supply of food available at a fair price. 

At David's Pasture we will continue our mission of making quality foods convenient to access from a transparent source. We strive for a food system that is decentralized, local, and that works to regenerate both people and soil, rather than degrading them in the process.

I hope you'll join us on this journey.

In good eating,

Your farmer,
Remi Kesten



More from the blog

Why I Choose Grass-Fed & Finished Beef (by Tracey Long, MPH, RDN)

Hey guys, Remi here! This is a post from Tracey Long's blog that she gave me permission to share here. She works in integrative and functional nutrition at Big Picture Health. Tracey has seen many people's lives changed through their bettered understanding of food, including her own. Enjoy this article, and feel free to reach out to her if you are looking for guidance in your healing journey.  Pictured on left: Cows raised on pasture by the Bauman Family near Garnett, KS.Pictured on right: Cows started on grass, but finished on grain/soy at a feedlot. 1. I believe in supporting local food, small family farmers and the economy. The average miles our food travels to reach our dinner plates is about 1,500 miles1. When we eat local we conserve fuel, keep our food dollars local and can have a personal connection to the farmer and how our food is raised. I subscribe to the mantra, know your farmer, know your food. Know your farmer, know your food 2. Cows are biologically meant to eat grass and pasture, not grains like corn or legumes like soy. When you feed an animal the food that it is biologically set up for it will be healthier. Cows are four-legged ungulates best adapted to graze on forage. The digestive system of cows, the four stomachs they have that we learned about in basic biology, are meant to ferment forage. Grains like corn and legumes like soy are used as high energy-dense food alternative for cows to put weight on them quickly for faster processing. This diet that is not congruent with the cow’s biology does work to speed up the process from start to finish, but can actually compromise the animal’s health. A review article by Calloway et al2 found that cows fed a diet high in grain had higher levels of the food-borne pathogen E. coli. When the diet was changed back to forage the E. coli levels were lowered within five days. A research study by Khafipour et al3 found that cows fed a diet based on grain became acidotic, and had high levels of lipopolysaccharides (LPS) that triggered inflammation and health problems in the cattle such as liver disease. These are two scientific examples of how grain can be unhealthy for cows. 3. Grazing cattle from start to finish is better for the environment and planet. You may be interested in reading the book by Judith Schwartz, “Cows Save the Planet.”4 Judith discusses how raising cows on pasture returns moisture and nutrients to the soil and, therefore; our food. Cattle feedlots are also a significant source of environmental pollutants such as antibiotics that affect downstream aquatic life and hormones that end up in the drinking water supply as additional examples.5,6 Feedlots use antibiotics and hormones to encourage rapid and increased growth and require antibiotics to suppress illness due to the confined living space and large buildup of fecal matter. Pastured cows arguably have less negative impact and even reported positive impacts on the environment. 4. I believe in respecting and honoring the animals I eat. As humans we have the capacity to treat animals poorly for our benefit (food) or treat them in a thankful manner for the nourishment they provide us. Joel Salatin, a well-known sustainable farmer in Swope, Virginia, said in a magazine interview, “Our first responsibility is to try to figure out what kind of a habitat allows them (cows) to fully express their physiological distinctiveness. The cow doesn’t eat corn; she doesn’t eat dead cows; she doesn’t eat cow manure, which is what is currently being fed to cows in the industrial food system. We feed cows grass, and that honors and respects the cow-ness of the cow.7” Joel Salatin 5. Pasture raised and finished beef has a healthier fatty acid profile than conventional beef. The standard American diet is high in omega 6 fatty acids relative to omega 3 fatty acids. The problem is that omega 6 fatty acids, when out of balance with omega 3’s are highly inflammatory to the human body. Inflammation is now known to be the root of many chronic diseases. The good news is that the fatty acid composition of grass fed and finished beef is higher in the beneficial and anti-inflammatory omega 3 fatty acids than grain-fed beef. A study by MacAfee et al found that people who ate grass-fed meat had higher levels of the anti-inflammatory omega 3’s when their blood was tested for this healthy fat.8 David (founder) and Reeves Kesten at the Brookside Farmers Market, 2017 Meet David and his [second] son Reeves, of David’s Pasture, from Concordia, MO. I am grateful for the opportunity to purchase quality meat, pork, poultry and eggs from a farming family like Dave’s. Dave’s cattle are raised on pasture and get to express their, “cow-ness,” as Joel Salatin would say. Dave shared with me that he even feeds his cattle organic apple cider vinegar to improve their gut health and does not use hormones or antibiotics. His cattle fertilize the land they forage on and he rotates their grazing to promote healthy soil. Yes, I pay more for the products I buy from Dave than I would pay at the local grocery store, but for the reasons I listed above I know the price is worth it!Original post by Tracey Long, MPH, RDN at Big Picture Health. Specializing in integrative and functional nutrition. Re-posted here by Remington Kesten, David's Pasture. Grass-fed & finished Beef delivered to your door.